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UNITED STATES COINS

Coin Composition

SILVER and CLAD COINAGE

 

 

US MINTMARKS

No mark = Philadelphia, PA.
O = New Orleans, LA.
S = San Francisco, CC.
D = Denver, CO.

C = Charlotte, NC.

D =

CC = Carson City, NV

W = WestPoint, WV

 

DOLLARS

The Congress of the Republic of the united states of America authorized the Mint to produce Dollar coins of 416 grains silver at 0.8924 fine.

 

1794-1795

Flowing Hair Dollar

Designer: by Robert Scot.

Weight (grams): 26.96

Weight (grains): 416

Size: 39mm

Composition: Cupro-silver

Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.7737

Nicknames: Scrawny Chicken

Varieties:  1795 has two and three leave varieties;

Notes:  The 1794 is a rare and expensive coin in any date.

 

1795-1804

Draped Bust Dollar; small eagle reverse

Designer: Robert Scot

Weight (grams): 26.96

Weight (grains):416

Size: 39mm

Composition: Cupro-silver

Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.7737

Nicknames:

Varieties:  1796 small date, letter in USofA; 1797 letter size, position of stars

Notes: 

 

1798-1804

Draped Bust Dollar; heraldic eagle reverse

Designer: Robert Scot

Weight (grams): 26.96

Weight (grains):416

Size: 39mm

Composition: Cupro-silver

Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.7737

Total Silver Content (oz.):

Nicknames:

Varieties:  Numerous varieties associated with arrows, berries, and lettering

Notes: 

 

1836, 1838, 1839

Gobrecht Dollar

Designer: Christian Gobrecht

Weight (grams):

Weight (grains):

Size:

Composition:

Total Silver Content (oz.):

Nicknames:

Varieties: 

Notes:  Although 1,600 1836 coins were released for circulation, the coin is considered a pattern, rather than a circulating US coin, by many collectors. The 1839 proofs were released into circulation. Restrikes exist for both the 1838 and 1839 coins.

 

1866-1873

Seated Liberty; reverse without motto

Designer: Christian Gobrecht

Weight (grams): 26.73

Weight (grains):

Size:  38.1 mm

Composition: 0.9 silver

Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.7736

Nicknames:

Varieties: 

Notes:  The No Motto variety was issued between 1840 and 1866.  In 1866 the mint added the motto "In God We Trust" according to the Act of March 3, 1865.  The Mint Act of Feb. 12, 1873 curtailed production of the seated dollar, an act panned by many at the time.

 

1866-1873

Seated Liberty; with motto

Designer: Christian Gobrecht

Weight (grams):26.73

Weight (grains):

Size: 38.1 mm

Composition:0.9 silver

Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.7736

Nicknames:

Varieties: 

Notes:  Only 12 examples of the 1870's are currently known. Although the mint reported striking the 1873s, no examples are known to have survived.

 

 

1873-1885

Trade Dollars

Designer: William Barber

Weight (grams): 27.22

Weight (grains):

Size:  38.1 mm

Composition: 0.9 silver

Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.7878

Nicknames:

Varieties: 

Notes:  These coins are heavily counterfeited in Asia. Caveat Emptor.  Many of the genuine examples have chop marks that look like an X on the coin surface.  The 1877 typically has a weak strike on the obverse, top.

For more information:

http://tradedollarnut.com/

 

 

1878-1904, 1921

Morgan dollar

Designer: George T. Morgan

Weight (grams): 26.73

Weight (grains):

Size:

Composition: 0.9 silver

Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.7736

Nicknames:

Varieties:  1878 7 and 8 tail feather varieties; spitting eagle variety, tail bar varities, etc. Morgan collectors place a premium on the Morgan Dollar varieties, of which there are many.

 

All die pairs produce a coin with a certain characteristic.  Those coins produced which appear exactly as engraved are called a normal strike, or variety.  In the Morgan dollar series these standard strikes are termed 'VAM-1, Normal Die'.  Those coins with variations caused by nuances in the dies then have a new VAM.   VAMs are only used for Morgan dollars. Around 2,500 - 3,000 are known.

 

The term VAM is not an abbreviation, rather it is the shortening of the individual names who developed the convention, Leroy C. Van Allen and A. George Mallis.
 

For more information, see:

Encyclopedia of Morgans and Peace Dollars 4th edition by Leroy C. Van Allen and A. George Mallis

 

Notes:  These VAMs carry a strong premium for early die state versions that have such a strong strike that the background surface filed looks deep like still waters.  These beautiful specimens are known as cameo or deep cameo.

 

Here's a great site for more VAM info:

http://www.vamworld.com/Morgan+VAMs+By+Date

 

Morgan Grading Guidelines

 

  • (AG) About Good (Coin worn flat on both sides, rims flat).
  • (VG) Very Good (Rims on coins, head is well worn).
  • (VF) Very Fine (Two thirds of hairlines from top of forehead to ear must show, ear well defined, feathers on eagle's breast worn about 1/2 down).
  • (EF40) Extremely Fine (All hairlines strong and ear bold, eagle's feathers all plain but slight wear on breast and wing tips).
  • (AU50) About Uncirculated (Slight trace of wear, mint luster is present).
  • (MS60) Uncirculated (No trace of wear, full mint luster, noticeably marred).
  • (MS63) "Select" or "Choice" Uncirculated (No trace of wear, full mint luster, few surface marks). (MS65) "Gem" or "Brilliant" Uncirculated

     

    NOTE: Many 'O' Mint Morgans have notoriously weak strikes because the New Orleans Mint overused their dies compared to the other mints. This affects grading for some years (you may or may not catch a break).

    NOTE: Diagnostic for the Key Date 1893-S is a die crack across the T

     

    The General Services Administration (GSA), US government, released coins in a GSA container in 1972 as a general sale to the public.  These are the GSA population numbers for that sale:

     

    1878cc 60,993
    1879cc 4,123
    1880cc 131,529
    1881cc 147,485
    1882cc 605,029
    1883cc 755,518
    1884cc 962,638
    1885cc 148,285
    1889cc 1
    1890cc 3,949
    1891cc 5,687
    1892cc 1
    1893cc 1
     

     

    1921-1935

    Peace Dollar

    Designer: Anthony De Francisci

    Weight (grams): 26.73

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 38.1 mm

    Composition:0.9 silver

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.7736

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes:  The 1921 Peace Dollar differs from all others in its high-relief (concave fields) design.

     

    The re-introduction of the Silver Dollar ( 1964 Peace Dollar ) upset the wrong people. The US mint actually produced the 64 Dollar, supposedly destroying them all. Congress, owned by all the right people, followed up with the coinage act of 1965 and accelerated the debasement we enjoy today. 

     

    Here's a good resource to determine the authenticity of the set's key, the 1928:

    http://www.oicoins.com/index_files/Page679.htm

     

    Pick up Points:

    Obverse. Primary places to look for weakness include:
    1. Central hair – no flat areas at ear and curls near upper jaw line.
    2. BE in Liberty and adjacent rays should be rounded on upper surfaces
    3. No flat area on truncation of bust (above AF monogram).
    4. IN and VST in motto letters rounded on upper surfaces
    5. Portion of 21 approaching rim, rounded
    6. Field to rim transition smooth and even all around
     

    Reverse:

    A. Eagle feathers just above top of right leg should show detail
    B. Right talon to foot separation and texture of talon should be clear
    C. Lower set of tail feathers distinct
    D. Upper left of PEACE well defined.
    E. No flatness of inscription near rim (M in America should be rounded on upper surface just as on M in Unum).
    F. O of One clearly separated from rim.

     

    (Courtesy RWB)

     

    1971 -1974, 1977 - 1978

    Eisenhower Dollar

    Designer: Frank Gasparro

    Weight (grams): 22.68

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 38.1 mm

    Composition: cupro-nickel on copper core

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  1971 Proof 'Pegleg' Varity where the left leg of the 'R' in Liberty has no serif.

    Additional information on 'Ike' varieties here: http://www.supercoin.com/iketypes/

    Another great resource here: http://www.ikegroup.org/

    Obverse depicts President Dwight D. Eisenhower.  Reverse pictures the landing on the moon.

    Here is a good description of the Type I, II and III 1972 Dollars:

    http://reviews.ebay.com/1972-Type-1-2-3-Eisenhower-Dollars_W0QQugidZ10000000002147718?ssPageName=BUYGD:CAT:-1:LISTINGS:5

     

    1976 Bi-Centennial

    Eisenhower Dollar

    Designer: Frank Gasparro

    Weight (grams): 22.68

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 38.1 mm

    Composition: cupro-nickel on copper core

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:   Moon and Liberty Bell reverse.  This coin had two types; type one had larger reverse lettering font than type 2.

     

    Notes:  For the Bicentennial dollar, the obverse was generally the same except the dates 1776-1976 were added.  For the reverse, however, an completely new design featured a big meteor pocked moon and Liberty Bell. A miniature eagle was featured because the congress said so.

    - In 1976 the Bicentennial the dollar still portrayed the bust of Eisenhower, though the dual date 1776-1976 was added.   A completely new reverse graced the coin, depicting the Liberty Bell and the moon.

     

    1976

    Eisenhower Dollar (silver)

    Designer: Frank Gasparro

    Weight (grams): 24.59

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 38.1 mm

    Composition: 40 percent silver; silver on copper core

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.3162

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:   Moon and Liberty Bell reverse.  This coin had two types; type one had larger reverse lettering font than type 2.

    Notes: 

     

     

    1977 - 1981

    Susan B. Anthony Dollar

    Designer: Frank Gasparro

    Weight (grams): 8.1

    Weight (grains): 125.02 

    Size: 26.50 millimeters

    Composition: Outer 75% Copper, 25% Nickel with 100% Copper copper core.

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes: 

     

    2000-Current

    Sacagawea Dollar

    Designer:  Glenna Goodacre (obv), Thomas D. Rogers, Sr. (rev)

    Weight (grams): 8.07

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 26.5 millimeters Composition: Manganese and bronze: 88.5% copper, 6% zinc, 3.5% magnesium and 2% nickel.

    The US mint had not used this since experiments with Wartime Nickels forced by wartime shortages of strategic metals. In WWII the US mint had great difficulty providing quality coins with this alloy. The hubris of the US Mint in 2000 proved greater than their technical ability, as the Sacagawea dollar proved unpleasant, with numerous specimens holding spots, ugly tarnish and other discoloration.

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  In an effort to compensate for the poor quality coin finishes, the US Mint experimented, though has not published, alternate coin finishes and washes in 2001, accidentally releasing several hundred into circulation.  The mint employed other finishes for a VIP strike in 2001 and a 5,000-piece lot of specially finished (burnished) specimens to designer Glenna Goodacre (obv), as payment for the design.

    Notes:  The mint prepared 12 samples in 22k gold - the 2002 specimens.

     

    2004 Golden Dollar, 25-Coin Roll, Denver Mint Mark (2M7)

     

     

    1986 - Current

    Silver Eagle

    Designer: Adolph A. Weinman/John Mercanti

    Weight (grams): 31.10 grams

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 40.60 millimeters

    Composition: 99.93% silver and .07% copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 1.0 oz

    Mintage: 5,393,005

    Nicknames: Walking Liberty

    Varieties: 

    Notes: Reeded edge;

     

     

     

    HALF DOLLARS

     

    1794-1795

    Flowing Hair Half Dollar

    Designer: Robert Scot

    Weight (grams):13.48 grams

    Weight (grains):208 grains

    Size: 32.5 millimeters

    Composition: Silver 89.2%, Copper - 10.8%

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.3869

    Edge: Lettered - 'Fifty Cents', or, 'Half a Dollar' 

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  Al C. Overton developed the variety nomenclature for this series still in use today; 1795 'three leaves' variety.

    Notes: 

    Further Resources: Walter Breen's Complete Encyclopedia of U.S. and Colonial Coins.  Walter Breen

    Early Half Dollar Die Varieties 1794-1836, Third Edition.  Al C. Overton and Don Parsley

     

    1796-1797

    Draped Bust Half Dollar - Small Eagle Reverse

    Designer: Robert Scot

    Weight (grams):13.48 grams

    Weight (grains):208 grains

    Size: 32.5 millimeters

    Composition: 89.2%, Copper - 10.8%

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.3869

    Nicknames: Scrawny chicken reverse.

    Varieties:  1796 has 15 and 16 star varieties.

    Notes: 

     

    1801-1807

    Draped Bust Half Dollar - Small Eagle Reverse

    Designer: Robert Scot

    Weight (grams): 13.48 grams

    Weight (grains): 208 grains

    Size: 32.5 millimeters

    Composition: 89.2%, Copper - 10.8%

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.3869

    Nicknames: Scrawny chicken reverse.

    Varieties:  1803 variety has varying size of number '3' in the date;  1806 variety has differing style of '6' in date, size of stars, and olive branch and stem length; the 1807 has numerous minor strike varieties.

    Notes: 

     

     

    1807-1836

    Capped Bust

    Designer: John Reich

    Weight (grams):13.48

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 32.5 mm. (varies between 32 and 33 mm)

    Composition: 8924 silver, .1076 copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): . 0.3869

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: This series contains many differing strikes and varieties over the design span.

    The 1822/1 overdate diagnostic is the base of the second 2 is much thicker than the first 2.

     

    Notes: 

     

    Grading:

    G-4 GOOD - Date and letters legible. Bust worn smooth with outline distinct.
    VG-8 VERY GOOD- LIBERTY faint. Legends distinguishable. Clasp at shoulder visible; curl above it nearly smooth.
    F-12 FINE - Clasp and adjacent curl clearly outlined with slight details|
    VF-20 VERY FINE- Clasp at shoulder clear. Wear visible on highest point of curl. Hair over brow distinguishable.
    EF-40 EXTREMELY FINE - Clasp and adjacent curl fairly sharp. Brow and hair above distinct. Curls well defined.

     

     

    1836-1839

    Capped Bust

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams):13.36

    Weight (grains): 208

    Size: 30 mm

    Composition: 8924 silver, 0.1076 copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): . 0.3867

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: The 1836 and 1837 have '50 cents' below the eagle on the reverse. The 1838 and 1839 have 'Half. Dol.' in the same location.

    Notes: 

     

    1839-1853

    Seated Liberty

    Designer: Thomas Sully and Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams):13.36

    Weight (grains): 208

    Size: 30 mm

    Composition: 8924 silver, .1076 copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): . 0.3867

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:

    The 1839 through 1853 halves have several strikes and varieties regarding size and type of lettering and length of drapery.

     

     

    1853-1873

    Seated Liberty

    Designer: Thomas Sully and Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams):12.44

    Weight (grains): 192

    Size: 30 mm

    Composition: 8924 silver, .1076 copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): . 0.36

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:

    An 1853 and 1853-O type has arrows on either side oft he date on the obverse and rays emanating from the eagle on the reverse.

    1854-1855 have the rays around the eagle removed. (Rays have always been exceedingly difficult for the US mint to properly strike).

    1856-1866 have the arrows at the date removed.

    1866-1873 had the motto, within a banner above the eagle, added to the reverse:  "In God We Trust".

    Notes:  An 1873-s without arrows was produced though no surviving specimens are known.

     

     

    1873-1891

    Seated Liberty

    Designer: Thomas Sully and Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 12.5

    Weight (grains): 193

    Size: 30 mm

    Composition: 90% silver, 10% copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): . 0.3618

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:

     

    1892-1916

    Barber Halves

    Designer: Charles Barber.

    Weight (grams): 12.5

    Weight (grains): 193

    Size: 30.6 mm

    Composition: 90% silver, 10% copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.3618

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  1892 micro-o

    Notes: Reeded edge.

     

    Grade Population for three key barber halves and the 1901-s quarter:

     

    PCGS VG/Lower F VF EX40 EX45 AU50 AU53 AU55 AU58 MS60/61 62 63 64 65 66 67 TOTAL
    1901-O 1 3 9 2 2 3 2 5 1 7 4 7 3 2 1 0 52
    1901-S 7 6 1 3 9 8 4 2 6 2 8 7 8 5 3 2 90
    1902-S 1 1 3 3 2 5 5 2 5 9 7 6 4 2 0 0 59
    1904-S 19 10 15 3 5 3 4 9 8 2 3 6 14 3 1 2 107

     

     

    NGC VG/Lower F VF EX40 EX45 AU50 AU53 AU55 AU58 MS60/61 62 63 64 65 66 67 TOTAL
    1901-O 1 2 2 3 2 6 2 4 5 10 6 2 0 0 0 0 45
    1901-S 6 5 6 1 2 1 2 2 4 1 3 5 3 2 1 0 44
    1902-S 2 1 2 2 1 5 7 5 6 5 5 5 1 0 0 0 47
    1904-S 9 5 7 2 2 2 2 13 4 1 3 4 2 1 1 0 58

     

    Summary: 02s and 01 halves are grades with pricing anomalies compared to availability, not mintage.

     

    1916-1947

    Walking Liberty

    Designer: Adolph Alexander Weinman

    Weight (grams): 12.5

    Weight (grains): 193

    Size: 30.6 mm

    Composition: 90% silver, 10% copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.36169

    Nicknames: 'Walkers'

    Varieties:  1942 and 1946 DDRs, and the 1936 and 1936-D DDO.

    Notes: Reeded edge. This coin in widely recognized by many collectors as one of America's most beautiful coins. Lady Liberty's thumbs serve as pick-up points.  Although the 1938-D has a low mintage, coins such as the 20-D and even the 37-D can be even tougher to find in XF-AU grades

     

     

    1948-1963

    Franklin Half Dollar

    Designer: John R. Sinnock (obverse); John Frederick Lewis (reverse)

    Weight (grams): 12.5

    Weight (grains): 193

    Size: 30.6 mm

    Composition: 90% silver, 10% copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.):  0.36169

    Nicknames: 'Frankies'

    Varieties: 

    Notes: Reeded edge.  Collectors search for well-struck coins with full bell lines on the liberty bell.

    Here is a good pictorial primer of Franklin Full Bell Lines:

    http://www.caccoin.com/reference-sets/franklin-half-dollar-reference-set/

     

    1964 (only)

    Kennedy Half

    Designer: Gilroy Roberts (obverse); Frank Gasparro (reverse)

    Weight (grams): 12.5

    Weight (grains): 193

    Size: 30.6 mm

    Composition: 90% silver, 10% copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.3618

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  Accented Hair.

    Notes: Collectors search for well-struck coins with deep and reflective watery-looking mirrors known as cameo or deep-cameo.

    There was no Ag in the Kennedy Half after 1976 again until 1992s, and on, in the silver proof set.

     

    The Kennedy Half provides one of the greatest ironic and iconic lessons in US monetary history.  Kennedy, via Executive Order, took on the Federal Reserve and provided for a US Note to replace the Federal Reserve Note. So, they put a couple bullets in him. Then, they removed all silver from US coinage the next year, EXCEPT for the half dollar. The US put his face on this particular issue and watered down the precious metal from 90% to 40%.  This coin and the event surrounding serve as a salient lesson for all those that may in the future decide to attack the banking oligarchy.

     

    1965-1970

    Kennedy Half

    Designer: Gilroy Roberts (obverse); Frank Gasparro (reverse)

    Weight (grams): 11.5

    Weight (grains): 178

    Size: 30.6 mm

    Composition: 40% silver, 60% copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.1480

    Nicknames:

     

    Varieties:  1964, 1964-D: DDO on both obverse and reverse Proof: The Accented Hair variety (incised hair above Kennedy's ear; PR only);  and is found only as a Proof. 

    More on the Accented Hair Variety:

    http://www.ipotad.com/pages/ah2.html

     

    1965: DD reverse,

    1966: DD obverse, 1967 DDO and DDR (two); 1974-D: DDO; 1979-S Type II has clear mint mark (TI looks like a melon)

    Notes: The 1969-d and 1970-d were minted in proof only.

     

    Mintages

     

    1965
    65,879,366 Business Strike
    2,360,000 Special Mint Set
     

    1966
    108,984,932
    2,261,583 Special Mint Set

     

    1967
    295,046,978
    1,863,344 Special Mint Set

     

    1968-D
    246,951,930

    3,041,506 Proof Sets Only
     

    1969-D
    129,881,800

     

    1969-S
    2,934,631 Proof Sets Only

     

    1970-D
    2,150,000 Mint Sets Only

    1970-S
    2,632,810 Proof Sets Only.

     

    1976-S Bicentennial Kennedy Half, clad

    Designer: Gilroy Roberts (obverse); Seth Huntington (reverse)

    Weight (grams):

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 30.6 mm

    Composition: Outer layers:75% Copper, 25% Nickel
    Center: 100% Copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  Accented Hair.

    Notes: No, this coin isn't worth more than face value unless it is in uncirculated condition. Over 500 Million 1976 clad coins were produced.

     

     

    1976-S Bicentennial Kennedy Half, Silver

    Designer: Gilroy Roberts (obverse); Seth Huntington (reverse)

    Weight (grams): 11.5

    Weight (grains): 178

    Size: 30.6 mm

    Composition: Outer layers: 80% Silver, 20% Copper
    Center: 79% Copper, 21% Silver

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.148

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  Accented Hair.

    Notes: 

     

    1971- Current [Except 1976 as noted above]

    Designer: Gilroy Roberts (obverse); Frank Gasparro (reverse)

    Weight (grams): 11.34

    Weight (grains): 175

    Size: 30.6 mm

    Composition: Outer layers: 75% Copper, 25% Nickel
    Center: 100% Copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  Accented Hair. 1979-S and 1981- S Type II proofs have better struck mint mark than the Type I proofs.

    Notes: Collectors search for well-struck coins with deep and reflective watery-looking mirrors known as cameo or deep-cameo.

    There was no Ag in the Kennedy Half after 1976 again until 1992s, and on, in the silver proof set - with one rare exception.  A few 1977-D Eisenhower dollars were struck on 40% silver planchets

     

    QUARTERS

     

    1796

    Draped Bust Quarter; small eagle reverse

    Designer: Robert Scot

    Weight (grams): 6.74

    Weight (grains): 104

    Size: 27.5mm

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.1935

    Nicknames: Scrawny chicken

    Varieties:  There are two types of Browning varieties

    Notes: 

     

     

    1804-1807

    Draped Bust Quarter; heraldic eagle reverse

    Designer: Robert Scot

    Weight (grams): 6.74

    Weight (grains): 104

    Size: 27.5mm

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.1935

    Nicknames: Scrawny chicken

    Varieties:  There are two types of Browning varieties; 1806/1805 overdate.

    Notes: 

     

    1815-1828

    Liberty Cap Quarter; with motto ' E Pluribus Unum'

    Designer: John Reich

    Weight (grams): 6.74

    Weight (grains): 103

    Size: 29 until 1828; 27 mm until 1937 and 1938 when the diameter was reduced to 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.1935

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  1815 has one Browning variety. 1819 has large 9 variety. 1822 - 1825 have a variety of overdates. 1827 has a restrike.

    Notes:  Reeded edge. 1827 re-strikes produced by private individual using discarded dies.

    Further Reference: The Early Quarter Dollars of the United States 1796-1838. A.W. Browning

     

    1828-1838

    Liberty Cap Quarter; without motto ' E Pluribus Unum'

    Designer: William Kneass

    Varieties: 1831 has small and large letter varieties.

    All other diagnostics same as the motto coin.

     

    1838-1840

    Seated Liberty Quarter, No drapery reverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 6.74

    Weight (grains): 103

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.1934

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes: 

     

    1840-1853

    Seated Liberty Quarter, with drapery

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 6.68

    Weight (grains): 103

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.1934

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  1842 and 1842-o varieties with varying size date numerals. 1853 no-arrows made with 1852 die. 1853 with rays around eagle, reverse.

    Notes: 

     

     

    1854-1855

    Seated Liberty Quarter, No Rays around eagle

     

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 6.2

    Weight (grains): 96

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.18

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  1854 large O variety.

    Notes: 

     

    1856-1866

    Seated Liberty Quarter, arrows at date removed.

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 6.22

    Weight (grains): 96

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.18

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  1854 large O variety.

    Notes:  Only one known 1866.

     

    1866-1873

    Seated Liberty Quarter, 'In God We Trust' added to Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 6.22

    Weight (grains): 97

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.18

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  1873 open and closed '3' varieties.

    Notes:  Only six known 1873 CCs.

     

    1873-1874

    Seated Liberty Quarter, Arrows at date

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 6.25

    Weight (grains): 97

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.1808

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  NA

    Notes:  1873 CC is rare.

     

    1875-1891

    Seated Liberty Quarter, No Arrows at date

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 6.25

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.1808

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  1876 CC fine reed edge; 1877 S over horizontal S..

    Notes: 

     

    1892-1916

    Barber Quarters

    Designer: Charles Barber

    Weight (grams): 6.25

    Weight (grains): 97

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.1809

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes:  1896s, 1901s, 1913s are rare.

    How to authenticate the 1896-S:

    http://www.barbercoins.org/1896SBQ.html

     

    How to authenticate the 1913-S:

    http://www.barbercoins.org/1913SBQ.html

     

    Early Whitman Folders (Pre WWII) called this coin the Morgan Quarter - Liberty Head

     

    1916-1930

    Standing Liberty Quarters

    Designer: Hermon MacNeil

    Weight (grams): 6.25

    Weight (grains): 96

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.1809

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  Type 1 (bare breast; 1916,1917) and Type 2 (chain main; 1917-1930); 1918/7-S overdate

    Notes: 

     

     

    Difference between 1916 and 1917 dateless coins:

     

    http://www.anacs.com/contentPages/ShowArticle.aspx?ID=16&AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1

    http://www.slqcoins.us/educational.html

    http://coinzip.proboards79.com/index.cgi?action=display&board=standinglibertyquarters&thread=2575&page=1

     

    1932-1964

    Washington Quarters

    Designer: John Flanagan

    Weight (grams): 6.255

    Weight (grains): 97

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-silver; 89% Ag; 11% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.):  0.1809

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  34 doubled motto; 34 Double Die Obverse; 1934 Heavy Motto;1934-D Heavy Motto; 1937 Double Die Obverse; 42-D Double Die Obverse (Breen-4315, FS #25˘-015); 42-D Double Die Reverse;  1943 DDO;1944-S DDO FS-101 (FS-017.5);  1946-S/S RPM FS-501; 50 D/S; 50 S/D;

    http://overdate1.tripod.com/coinvarieties/id5.html

    1942 D Washington Quarter, Rare Variety [Breen-4315, FS #25˘-015. 'Stella']

    1952 Proof 'Superbird' (S mint mark in the middle of the eagle's chest on the reverse)

    http://www.pcgs.com/articles/article_view.chtml?artid=6282&universeid=313

     

    Notes: 

     

    1965-1998

    Washington Quarters

    Designer: John Flanagan

    Weight (grams): 5.78

    Weight (grains): 88

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Cupro-nickel; 75% Cu 25% Nickel

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  34 doubled motto; 43S DDO, 43S Trumpet Tail, 43S/S;

    http://www.ngccoin.com/VPSubCategory.aspx?subid=40

    Notes: 

     

    State Quarters (1999-present)

    http://www.quarterdesigns.com/

     

    Designer: John Flanagan (Obverse); Various (Reverse)

    Weight (grams): 5.7 grams

    Weight (grains): 88 grains

    Size: 24.3 mm.

    Composition: Outer layer: 75% Copper, 25% Nickel; Core: 100% Copper

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  Each year has five different varieties. Some of these varieties have various dies and minor errors.

    Notes: 

     

                                                                                           

    1999 2000 2001 2002  2003  2004  2005 2006 2007     2008
    Delaware Massachusetts New York Tennessee Illinois Michigan California Nevada Montana Oklahoma
    Pennsylvania Maryland North Carolina Ohio Alabama Florida Minnesota Nebraska Washington New Mexico
    New Jersey South Carolina Rhode Island Louisiana Maine Texas Oregon Colorado Idaho Arizona
    Georgia New Hampshire Vermont Indiana Missouri Iowa Kansas North Dakota Wyoming Alaska
    Connecticut Virginia Kentucky Mississippi Arkansas Wisconsin West Virginia South Dakota Utah Hawaii

     

     

    DIMES

     

    1796-1797

    Draped Bust (Small Eagle Reverse)

    Designer: Robert Scot (Obverse), John Eckstein (Reverse)

    Weight (grams): 2.7

    Weight (grains): 41.6

    Size: 19.8 mm

    Composition: 0.892 Ag, 0.108 Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.):  0.0775

    Nicknames: Scrawny Chicken

    Varieties:  JR series (scarce); 13 or 16 star varieties on the 1797 issue

    Notes: 

     

    1798-1807

    Draped Bust (Heraldic Eagle Reverse)

    Designer: Robert Scot

    Weight (grams): 2.7

    Weight (grains): 41.6

    Size: 19.8 mm

    Composition: 0.892 Ag, 0.108 Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.):  0.0775

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  JR series (scarce); 13 or 16 star varieties and varying '8' sizes on the 1798 issue; 4 or 5 berries on 1805 issue

    Notes: 

     

    1809-1837

    Capped Bust/Liberty Cap

    Designer: John Reich

    Weight (grams): 2.7

    Weight (grains): 41.6

    Size: 18.8 mm, 18.5 mm after 1827

    Composition: 0.892 Ag, 0.108 Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.):  0.0775

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  JR series (scarce). Many other varieties/overdates. See "Early United States Dimes; 1796-1837", David Davis et al.

    Notes: 

     

    SEATED LIBERTY

     

    1837-1838

    Seated Liberty, No Stars

    Designer: Thomas Sully (Obverse), Christian Gobrecht (Reverse)

    Weight (grams): 2.67

    Weight (grains): 41.3

    Size: 17.9 mm

    Composition: 90% Ag, 10% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0773 oz

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes: 

     

    1838-1840

    Seated Liberty, No Drapery, with Stars

    Designer:

    Weight (grams): 2.67

    Weight (grains): 41.3

    Size: 17.9 mm

    Composition: 90% Ag, 10% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0773 oz

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes: 

     

    1840-1853

    Seated Liberty Dime, Drapery and Stars

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 2.67

    Weight (grains): 41.3

    Size: 17.9 mm

    Composition: 90% Ag, 10% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0773 oz

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes: 

     

    A post 1837 US 90% silver dime had a total weight of 38.58 grains.

     

    Seated Liberty Dimes

    http://www.seateddimevarieties.com/

     

    Seated Liberty, Drapery and Stars, Arrows at Date on Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 2.4900

    Weight (grains): 38.58 grains

    Size:  17.9 mm

    Composition: 90% Ag, 10% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0721 oz

     

    Seated Liberty, Drapery and Stars, Arrows at Date removed on Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 2.4900

    Weight (grains): 38.58 grains

    Size:  17.9 mm

    Composition: 90% Ag, 10% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0721 oz

     

    Seated Liberty, "United States of America" replaced Stars on Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 2.4900

    Weight (grains): 38.58 grains

    Size:  17.9 mm

    Composition: 90% Ag, 10% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0721 oz

     

    Seated Liberty, Arrows at Date on Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 2.5000

    Weight (grains): 38.58 grains

    Size:  17.9 mm

    Composition: 90% Ag, 10% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0724 oz

     

    Seated Liberty, Arrows at Date Removed on Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 2.5000

    Weight (grains): 38.58 grains

    Size:  17.9 mm

    Composition: 90% Ag, 10% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0724 oz

     

    1892-1916

    Barber Dimes

    Designer: Charles E. Barber

    Weight (grams): ±2.5 grams

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 17.9 millimeters

    Composition: 90% ag; 10% cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.07234

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes: 

     

    1916-1945

    Liberty (Mercury) Dimes

    http://www.MercuryDime.com

     

    Designer: Adolph Alexander Weinman

    Weight (grams): 2.5

    Weight (grains):

    Size:  17.9 millimeters

    Composition: 90% ag; 10% cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): .07234

    Nicknames: "Mercury Dimes"

    Varieties: doubling on 1944D,1937D; 1941/2 and  1941/2 D overdate, 1941 and 1945 micro S.

     

    Notes:  www.MercuryDime.com

     

    Source of inspiration and trial exhibit for the mercury dime (fifth paragraph)

    http://ns.headroyce.org/%7Eus_history/mohern/paper.html

     

    Circulated Mercury Dimes:

    The 1945 S dime has a normal sized S mintmark and a micro sized one. This is because the micro s was a stamp used for another country's coinage but produced in the US.  Now, there are other coins with micro-s including the 28s.  Also, although not widely published, the 41s.  Placement of min marks vary because the mark was hand stamped onto the die.  However, size and positioning of the mint mark became more standardized into the 1940s.

    http://www.stellacoinnews.com/index.php/mercury-dimes-ch-6-194241/

    Fully Split Bands

    On the coin's reverse, the fasces (bundled stick in the middle) has three bands - top, center and bottom.  On full struck coins with outstanding detail (and collectability) the center bands are what is called 'fully struck'.  These Fully Struck Bands (FSB) coins carry a price premium.  The mercury dimes with the lowest number of FSB coins are these dates:

     

    1919-S, 1927-S and 1942/1 and1945-P are the rarest dates with FSB.  Indeed, the true numbers are probably less than the third party certification records indicate, since collectors  re-submit coins in hope of achieving even better grade for these rarities.

     

    Mercury Dime Varieties:

     

    1928-S LARGE AND SMALL S

    1929-S DOUBLE DATE at IGWT

    1934-D LARGE AND SMALL D

    1931-S MERCURY DIME DOUBLED DIE OBVERSE FS-101

    1936 DOUBLE DATE at DATE

    1941-D MERCURY DIME DOUBLED DIE OBVERSE AND DOUBLED DIE REVERSE FS-101

    1941 S LARGE AND SMALL S

    1941 S DOUBLE at MINTMARK

    1941-S/S MERCURY DIME RE-PUNCHED MINTMARK FS-502

    1942/1 OVERDATE ERROR

    1942/1-D OVERDATE ERROR

    1942-D DOUBLED DIE

    1943-S MERCURY DIME TRUMPET TAIL MM FS-511

    1944 DOUBLED DIE

    1945-D MERCURY DIME D/HORIZONTAL D FS-506

    1945-S MERCURY DIME, S/HORIZONTAL

    1945 DOUBLED at MINTMARK

    1945 S MICRO S

     

    1946-1964

    Roosevelt Dimes

    Designer: John R. Sinnock

    Weight (grams): 2.50 grams (silver)

    Weight (grains):

    Size:  17.9 millimeters

    Composition: 90% ag; 10% cu (silver)

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.07234

    Nicknames: 'Roosies'

    Varieties

     

    1946-Current

    Roosevelt Dimes

    Designer: John R. Sinnock

    Weight (grams): 2.27 grams (CuNi-clad)

    Weight (grains):

    Size:  17.9 millimeters

    Composition: Outer layers:75% Copper, 25% Nickel
    Center: 100% Copper

    Total Silver Content: 0

    Nicknames: 'Roosies'

    Varieties: Full Torch designation (high quality strike) commands a premium

     

     

    HALF DIMES

     

    1794-1795

    Flowing Hair Half-Dime

    Designer: Robert Scot

    Weight (grams): 1.3500

    Weight (grains): 21 

    Size: 16.5 millimeters

    Composition: 89.20% Ag, 10.80% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0388

     

    1796-1797

    Draped Bust Half Dime, Small Eagle Reverse

    Designer: Robert Scot

    Weight (grams): 1.3500

    Weight (grains): 21 

    Size: 16.5 millimeters

    Composition: 89.20% Ag, 10.80% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0388

     

    The Forum for Bust Coinage Collectors:

    http://www.half-dimes.com/forums/

     

    1800-1805

    Draped Bust Half Dime, Heraldic Eagle Reverse

    Designer: Robert Scot

    Weight (grams): 1.3500

    Weight (grains): 21 

    Size: 16.5 millimeters

    Composition: 89.20% Ag, 10.80% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0388

     

    1829-1837

    Liberty Cap Half Dime

    Designer: William Kneass

    Weight (grams): 1.3500

    Weight (grains): 21

    Size: 15.5 mm/0.61 inch

    Composition: 89.20% Ag, 10.80% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0388

     

    1837-1838

    Seated Liberty Half Dime, no Stars Around Rim on Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 1.3500

    Weight (grains): 21

    Size: 15.5 mm/0.61 inch

    Composition: 89.20% Ag, 10.80% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0388

     

    1838-1840

    Seated Liberty Half Dime, Stars Around, No Drapery on Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 1.3500

    Weight (grains): 21

    Size: 15.5 mm/0.61 inch

    Composition: 89.20% Ag, 10.80% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0388

     

    1840-1853

    Seated Liberty Half Dime, Drapery added to Liberty's Left Elbow on Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 1.3400

    Weight (grains): 21

    Size: 15.5 mm/0.61 inch

    Composition: 89.20% Ag, 10.80% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0388

     

    1853-1855

    Seated Liberty Half Dime, Arrows at Date on Obverse

    Designer: Robert Ball Hughes/Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 1.2300

    Weight (grains): 21

    Size: 15.5 mm/0.61 inch

    Composition: 90.00% Ag, 10.00% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0362

    Reeded Edge

     

    1855-1859

    Seated Liberty Half Dime, Arrows at Date Removed on Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 1.2400

    Weight (grains): 21

    Size: 15.5 mm/0.61 inch

    Composition: 90.00% Ag, 10.00% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0362

     

    1860-1873S

    Seated Liberty Half Dime, "United States of America" Replaced Stars on Obverse

    Designer: Christian Gobrecht

    Weight (grams): 1.2400

    Weight (grains): 21

    Size: 15.5 mm/0.61 inch

    Composition: 90.00% Ag, 10.00% Cu

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.0362

     

    http://www.seateddimevarieties.com/

    http://seateddimes.yuku.com/

     

    NICKELS

     

    Shield Nickels 

    Designer: James B. Longacre

    Weight (grams): 5.00 Gram

    Weight (grains):

    Size:  20.50 mm  (0.8077 in)

    Composition: Cupro (75%) -Nickel (25%)

    Total Silver Content (oz.):

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  Due to the hard metal composition dies wore out easily.  Due to the many dies used, many varieties occurred in the Shield Nickel series.

    Notes: 

     

    http://shieldnickels.net/

     

    Liberty 'V'  Nickels

    Designer: James B. Longacre

    Weight (grams): 5.000 Gram

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 21.2 mm

    Composition: Cupro-Nickel

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames: "V" Nickel

    Varieties:  The 1883 Racketeer Nickel was plated in gold and passed off as a five dollar coin.  As such, later in the year 'Cents' was added to the coin.

     

    Notes:

     

    Buffalo Nickels

    1913: The original Buffalo Nickel (five cent piece) design had a bison (modeled after '"Blackie" in the New York Zoo) standing on a small raised portion of ground (soil scientists would call it a hummock).  However, the coin wore quickly and unevenly during circulation, eating into the design and date.  This wear proved unacceptable to the mint so this version (Bison on Mound) was discarded for a new design, Bison on Plain, where the Bison is now standing on a straight line.

    Designer: James Earle Fraser

    Weight (grams): 5.000 Gram

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 21.2 mm

    Composition: Cupro-Nickel

    Total Silver Content (oz.):

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  The famous 'Three-legged Buffalo" has the following diagnostics:

    - The fourth leg is skinny

    - Indian's neck and the hind leg are weakly struck and mushy

    - Thinning of the mint mark and 'FIVE CENT' lettering

    - E PLURIBUS UNUM does not touch the back of the bison.

     

    http://www.buffalonickel.com/

     

    Uncirculated Buffalo Nickel:

     

    Jefferson Nickels

    Designer: Felix Schlag

    Weight (grams): 5.000 Gram

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 21.2 mm

    Composition: Cupro-nickel

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  The famous 'Three-legged Buffalo" has the following diagnostics:

    - The fourth leg is skinny

    - Indian's neck and the hind leg are weakly struck and mushy

    - Thinning of the mint mark and 'FIVE CENT' lettering

    - E PLURIBUS UNUM does not touch the back of the bison.

     

    Notes: 

     

    1942-1945

    [War Nickels]

    Designer: Felix Schlag

    Weight (grams): 5.000 Gram

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 21.2 mm

    Composition: 0.350 Silver Cupro-Silver-Manganese

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0.05626 oz.Ag

     

    Each war time nickel contains 1.75 grams of silver, 18 coins make 1 ounce of silver, a 40 coin roll contains 2.25 ounces of silver.

     

     

    TWO and THREE CENT PIECES

     

    1864-1873

    Two Cent Copper

    Designer:

    Weight (grams):

    Weight (grains):

    Size:

    Composition:

    Total Silver Content (oz.):

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  1864 Small and Large Letter Varieties; 1867 Double Die;

    Notes: 

    Resources:

     

    1851-1873

    Three Cent Silver

    Designer:

    Weight (grams):

    Weight (grains):

    Size:

    Composition:

    Total Silver Content (oz.):

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes: 

     

    1865-1889

    Three Cent Nickel

    Designer:

    Weight (grams):

    Weight (grains):

    Size:

    Composition:

    Total Silver Content (oz.):

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes: 

    http://www.3centnickel.com/

     

    CENTS

    CENTS_FOR_SALE

     

    http://www.exploratorium.edu/exhibits/common_cents/index.html

    http://realcent.forumco.com/

     

    The First Cent

    http://www.collectorusa.com/articles/1793.php

     

     

    1856-1858

    Flying Eagle Cent

    Designer:

    Weight (grams): 4.67

    Weight (grains):

    Size:

    Composition:  88% Cu, 12% Ni.

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames: 'nickel'; yes, this coin was the first in us coinage to garner that term.

    Varieties: 

    Notes: 

     

    1859-1863

    Indian Head Cent

    Designer:

    Weight (grams):

    Weight (grains):

    Size:

    Composition:

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes: 

     

    1864-1909

    Indian Head Cent

    Designer:

    Weight (grams): 3.11

    Weight (grains):

    Size:

    Composition: 95% Cu, 5% Sn, Zn

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties:  1864-L

    http://www.usrarecoininvestments.com/coin_info/1864-bronze-indian-head-cent.htm

     

    Notes:  In addition to the key dates, the semi key 1869/9 overdate; the 1870 and 1878 are harder to acquire than mintage numbers suggest.

    Grading:

    G: No letters of liberty show; full rims

    VG: At least 2-3 letters of Liberty show

    F12 All letters show

    VF20 All letters of Liberty are full and strong

     

    Thank you to Rick Snow for developing and distributing this wonderful Indian Head Cent grading guide:

    http://www.indianheads.org/

     

    Other useful Indian Head Cent Resources:

    http://www.indiancent.com/

    http://indiancent.wikispaces.com  Indian Cent Varieties

     

    1909-current

    Lincoln Cent

    Designer:

    Weight (grams):

    Weight (grains):

    Size:

    Composition:

    1909-1942:    95% copper and 5% tin/zinc mixture.

    A post 1909 US 95% copper penny had a total weight of 48 grains.

    1943: Zinc-coated steel; 2.7 grams

    1944-1946 (and part of 1942): 95% copper and 5% zinc

    1947-1961: 95% copper and 5% tin/zinc mixture.

    1962-1982: 95% copper and 5% zinc

    1982-Current: 2.5% Copper (Cu); 97.5% Zinc (Zn.) (offical); 0.8% copper (Cu); 99.2% Zinc (Zn.) (actual); 2.5 grams

     

     

    Total Silver Content (oz.):

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

     

    1970-S Large and Small Dates

     

    http://koinpro.tripod.com/Articles/1970S1cSmAndLgDtCompare.htm

     

    1943 Cents.

    These war time cents were produced out of zinc to conserve the war materiel copper. However, as it turns out, several cents were struck in the customary copper.  Since a few copper blanks remained from production year 1942, this made the variety possible.  Since humans mostly prefer actual over possible, well, things happen.  The copper coins follow no set distribution pattern, however (they were not all from the same mint bag).

     

    All of them, with perhaps one discovered at the mint by engraver John Sinnock, were found in circulation - the first in 1947.   The first copper cent sold at public auction was in 1958.  No circulation finds have been reported since the late 1960s. Population ranger estimates vary between a dozen and 30 known examples.  The current known extant population is 10-15 from the Philadelphia, 5 or 6 from San Francisco and 1 from Denver (the only mint state example.)
     

    Notes: 

     

    Diagnostics for authentic 1922 'no D' coin:

    1. Obverse is a weak strike whereas reverse is strong. Most of the coin's grade is assigned by the reverse.

    2. IN GOD WE is soft and undefined, TRUST is sharp
    3. LIBERTY is soft and undefined. The 'L' merges into the left rim. The "R" is more weak than all other letters
    4. The edge of Lincoln's coat merges into the obverse field
    5. The first digit '2' in the date is thick but undefined. The second digit '2' is more sharp but thinner.

     

    More here:

    http://www.lincolncentresource.com/1922Ddievarieties.html

     

    Diagnostics for authentic 1914-D:

    http://coinauctionshelp.com/Coin_Help_Blog/tag/1914-d-lincoln-cent/

     

    Diagnostics for authentic 19009 V.D.B coin:

    1. Serifs in the mint mark are parallel

    2. The center of the B in V.D.B is horizontal....

     

    This is the die marriage population census:


    (1909-S VDB 486,480 struck)


    Obverse dies, Lincoln cent.
    San Francisco Mint, CY 1909

    #199 140,400 (all VDB)
    #200 222,380 (all VDB)
    #201 81,000 (all VDB)
    #202 308,390 (42,700 VDB, balance plain)
    #203 209,747 (all plain)

    Reverse dies, Lincoln cent.
    San Francisco Mint, CY 1909

    #248 63,800
    #249 137,880
    #250 76,600
    #251 127,200
    #252 81,000

    Source: NARA-CP RG 104 entry 229 box 287. “Statement of the Life of Dies for 1909, U.S. Mint, San Francisco, California” Signed by William M. Cutter, Coiner and Edward Sweeney, Superintendent. January 5, 1910.
     

    http://www.Lincoln Cent.com

    http://www.lincolncentresource.com/

     

    1787 Fugio copper Cent

    Designed by Benjamin Franklin, the first coin issued under authority of the United States of America and minted under private contract with James Jarvis of Connecticut

     

    Grading:


    VG- 8.
    F-12: The wheat lines should be worn but separated. A weak spot is acceptable on one side, but not both.

    VF: Complete separation and clear wheat lines

     

    HALF CENTS

     

    SILVER BULLION COIN

     

    American Eagle - The U.S. Mint began producing this bullion coin October of 1986 in the following five denominations:

    • 1-ounce .999 fine silver coin with $1 face value

    • 1-ounce .9167 fine gold coin with $50 face value

    • Half-ounce .9167 fine gold coin with $25 face value

    • Quarter ounce .9167 fine gold coin with $10 face value

    • Tenth-ounce .9167 fine gold coin with $5 face value.

    CONFEDERATE COINS

    1861 Half Dollar

    In 1861 federal troops had not yet seized the Confederate City of New Orleans before the mint began producing confederate half dollars.

    GOLD COINAGE

    Gold Proof Coins

     

    Double Eagle

     

    Half Eagle

    U.S. gold coin minted between 1795 and 1929 with a face value of $5

     

    Quarter Eagle

     

    1849-1854

    Liberty Head Gold - Type One Gold Dollar

    Designer:

    Weight (grams):

    Weight (grains):

    Size:

    Composition:

    Total Silver Content (oz.):

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

    Notes:

     

    CALIFORNIA GOLD

    http://www.calgoldcoin.com/

    http://www.calgoldonline.com/

    Collections

    UNITED STATES MINT COINS

    2004 United States Mint Silver Proof Set™ (V40)

    United States Mint Canvas Coin Bag (5B9)

     

    Platinum Proof Coins

     

    CONTINENTAL CURRENCY

     

    1776 Continental Currency Note

    1776 Continental dollar coin

    1787 Fugio copper Cent

    All designed by Benjamin Franklin

    CANADIAN COINS

    http://www.canadiancoin.com/

    http://www.coinscan.com/technical/canasp.html

    Pre- 1919 coins are Sterling [0.925]

    Canadian Bullion and Coin Silver Content - Bid/Ask Prices

    http://www.bullioncoinsandbars.com/products-silver-coins.htm

     

    HALF DOLLARS

     

    1967-1968

    Wolf Halves: 80% Ag

     

    $10. coins have 1.445-oz., pure, and the $5. ones .7227

     

     

    QUARTERS

     

    1920-1966

    Weight of 5.83g

    Silver content: 80%; 4.664 grams Ag each.

    4.664 grams /31.1035 gram/oz = 0.14995 oz Ag per coin
    0.14995 oz * $10.0 dollar oz = 1.499 USD per coin
     

    DIMES

    1968-1999

    Designer:

    Weight (grams): 1.75g

    Weight (grains):

    Size: 18.03 mm

    Thickness: 1.22 mm

    Composition: 92% steel, 5.5% Cu, 2.5% Ni plating

    Total Silver Content (oz.): 0

    Nicknames:

    Varieties: 

     

     

     

    INTERNATIONAL WORLD COINS

    The Islamic gold dinar contains approximately 3.89g or 60grains gold. The Islamic silver dirham contains 3g or approximately 46.3 grains silver. The NMM cent weight of 1/10 ozt (48 grains or 3.11034768 grams) will produce coins of similar size and weight of the dinar and the dirham.

     

    South African Krugerrand

    http://www.onlygold.com/Coins/SouthAfricanKrugerrandsFullScreen.asp

     

     

    http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/coins/

    http://www.taxfreegold.co.uk/countries.html

    http://rmworldcoins.tripod.com/rmworldcoins/index.htm

     

    Iconography of Lion on Coins

    http://www.osmanliparalari.com/yazi/lion/lion_EN1.htm

    AUSTRALIAN SILVER COIN MINTAGES

     

    http://silverbourse.com/mintage-information-australian-lunar-silver-coins/

     

    ANCIENT COINS

     

    COLONIAL COINS

    http://www.coins.nd.edu/

    http://www.colonialcoins.org/resources.htm

     

    ERROR COINS

    Error Coins

    Long Live the Day an Honest Man can trade His Labor for an Honest Dollar

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